ALABAMA: private schools
- Briarwood Christian School, Birmingham
Most Christian schools are small but this one is huge (1,900 students in grades K through 12). "We believe the Bible teaches the use of corporal punishment in the discipline of young people. We instruct our staff to use the paddle whenever necessary."
Parents must sign on the school application form, or for international students the International student application form, that they agree that the school "has full discretion in the discipline of students while at the School, including paddling".
- Cahawba Christian Academy
"Parents who enroll their children at CCA do so with the understanding that corporal punishment may be used and they express their support of this tool." Misbehaviors for which a paddling is the appropriate response include damaging school property, repeated disobedience, disrespect, tobacco, and lying.
- Covenant Christian School, Tuscumbia (New URL)
"Moderate discipline", including corporal punishment, is applied after other methods have been exhausted, or "if the matter warrants an immediate or more serious form of punishment". Parents are contacted beforehand. Male teachers may not spank girls: "A female staff member will be secured to administer the paddling".
- Crenshaw Christian Academy, Luverne
CP may be used by the Administration, in the office, for "disrespect or disobedience, rebellious attitude, fighting, improper language, bizarre, improper actions, deliberate damage to property, etc.". If parents forbid this, the student receives suspension or Saturday Work Detail.
- Ellwood Christian Academy, Selma
"The School has full discretion (including paddling) in the discipline of students." Parents are notified.
- Escambia Academy, Atmore New!
"The school does have the right to administer corporal punishment as a disciplinary measure." For Class I infractions (chewing gum, tardy, horseplay, profanity, skipping class), the penalty for a second, third, fourth and fifth offense is "work detail or paddling".
Local sources report that paddling consists of up to five licks at one time and is equally available to students of both sexes.
- Faith Christian School, Anniston New!
"Faith Christian School has the biblical and legal right to provide corporal punishment for all
students." All teachers are authorized to use CP, but "teachers above the second grade are encouraged to refer a student to the office for a paddling by an administrator".
- Gardendale Christian Academy
At this elementary school, corporal punishment is a "last resort" and "consists of paddling a child on his/her buttocks". If the parents have failed to give written permission they are asked to come to the school to administer CP themselves, or take the child away.
- Huntsville Christian Academy
"Corporal correction" may be administered for, among other things, repeated detentions, cheating, vulgar language, disrespect, and unbiblical conduct. Parents are notified beforehand. There is a maximum of three swats. If students "refuse to cooperate fully" with being paddled, the parents are called to "come and handle the situation" or withdraw the student.
- Lighthouse Christian Academy, Gadsden
"Spanking (paddling) usually will not be given at the first violation of these rules", but "there are times when swift punishment is the only solution". Lying, cheating and fighting are among the "violations that require corporal correction".
- Lindsay Lane Christian Academy, Athens, Alabama New!
"Corporal punishment will be administered by paddling the buttocks, no more than three (3)
times, of a student with a flat-surfaced paddle that will cause no more than temporary pain and
not inflict permanent damage to the body."
- Mars Hill Bible School, Florence
In grades 5 through 12, "Enrollment constitutes consent from parents for appropriate corporal punishment to be administered if needed". The paddling is delivered by the Dean of Students.
- New Life Christian Academy, Millbrook New!
Parents are to have been consulted and/or have given written approval for CP. There is a minimum of two strokes and a maximum of five.
- Patrician Academy, Butler, Alabama New!
Paddling starts at grade 5 and continues through grade 12. In the lower grades (K-4) teachers can apply a ruler to the palm of the student's hands. Written parental objections to CP are honored.
- Refuge Christian Academy, Enterprise
A parent is required to be present at the paddling. There is a maximum of five firm strokes.
- Restoration Academy, Fairfield
Parents must sign that they "agree to support the school in its policy of corporal punishment". "A reasonable number of strokes will be administered to the child's backside. ... A female staff member will be present if a female student is paddled by a male staff member."
- Riverwood Classical School, Tuscaloosa
An administrator may "administer punishment in the form of detention ... or licks, as
preferred by the parent".
- Sparta Academy, Evergreen
Corporal punishment here may be administered to students in grades 2 through 12. It is used in cases of disrespect, rebellious attitudes, fighting, or damage to property. The student or parent is given the choice of up to three licks or five days' suspension. "When possible men will administer punishment to boys and women will administer punishment to girls."
- Tuscaloosa Christian School
"Discipline will be strictly enforced", and CP is one of the "forms of correction". Parents fill in a permission form, on which they may elect to administer the paddling themselves in the school office.
- Westbrook Christian School, Rainbow City
"Paddling can and will be administered" by the Assistant Principal, and parental authorization "is assumed upon enrollment". CP is mentioned in particular as a penalty for fighting.
- These Alabama private schools also state that they use corporal punishment, but give few or no details:
Athens Bible School New!
Edgewood Academy, Elmore
Shoals Christian School, Florence New!
West Alabama Christian School, Demopolis New!
ALABAMA: public schools
- Alexander City Schools
Corporal punishment, consists of a maximum of "three licks administered to a student's buttocks". "No student is required to submit" to the paddle, so it is always at the student's choice. The parent may request an alternative punishment, but if this is tried and does not work, the principal will use CP even without parental consent. Read in conjunction with the "no student required to submit" provision, this seems to imply that a student may choose to be paddled in defiance of parental instructions.
In previous versions of the document, two different paddles were specified, "to be made from a general and smooth wood product", complete with detailed measurements, one for grades K-6 (7½" by 3½", ¼" thick) and a larger one for grades 7-12 (13" by 5", 3/8 inches thick), the handle in both cases to be 4 inches long. It is now merely required that the paddle have a smooth surface and be free of holes or cracks.
- Anniston City Schools
See pp.30-32. Corporal punishment is mentioned here as a penalty for minor violations but not more serious ones. Written parental permission must be on file before paddling is administered.
Stats: See this May 2010 news report that there were 528 paddlings in 2008/09.
- Athens City Board of Education
There is a maximum of three licks to the buttocks. The witness should "preferably" be of the same sex as the offender.
In grades 5 through 12, "The Board allows the principal or designee to administer corporal punishment in the support of teachers in their efforts to teach good citizenship by requiring proper conduct". CP may be used for Class I and Class II offenses, and is particularly mentioned for a second or third dress code violation. Also, "Parents may consult with their child's principal for corporal punishment to be used in lieu of ISS when loss of class time is a concern and the principal deems appropriate".
See also this May 2005 news item.
- Autauga County School System, Prattville
Corporal punishment may be applied at both elementary and secondary levels for minor offenses, and also at elementary level for intermediate offenses. It "shall not include more than three licks to the buttocks". Refusal to accept a paddling is a Major Offense, entailing suspension, Alternative School or expulsion.
- Bibb County Schools (covers Brent, Centreville, Randolph, West Blocton, Woodstock)
There is a maximum of "three licks administered to the buttocks". The paddle must be "of reasonable construction and size". Parents may apply in writing for exemption.
Stats: See this Sep 2013 news item reporting 420 paddlings in Bibb County in school year 2010/11, 179 of them at Centreville Middle School.
- Blount County School System (covers Blountsville, Cleveland, Hayden, Locust Fork, Oneonta)
Corporal punishment must not cause injury or be administered with malice. There is nothing about parental consultation or approval. CP is one of the penalties for Class I and Class II offenses, but not for Class III or Class IV (the most serious).
Stats: Some 1,765 students (22% of the total) were paddled in this district in school year 2004/05.
- Boaz City Schools
Corporal punishment is one of the penalties for Class II and Class III offenses. Parents are not allowed to administer CP at school.
- Brewton City Schools [DOC]
Select Chapter 5 ("Students"). Corporal punishment shall be administered by the principal or assistant principal. Parents may make a written request that CP not be used. It is no longer stated that paddling should not be a first resort. The separate code of conduct states that CP may be applied for type I or II violations, but not for type III or IV violations (the most serious).
- Butler County Schools (covers Georgiana, Greenville, McKenzie)
CP is to be delivered with "a Board-issued paddle" and there is a maximum of three licks. An attempt is to be made to telephone parents before the paddling takes place. The acknowledgement form at the end of the document, which the student him- or herself must also sign, allows parents to state that they "do not prefer" paddling to be used, but makes it clear that it might be used anyway, whatever the parents think.
Paddling is an option at middle and high school, but not elementary school, for a first Class II offense. For a first or subsequent Class III (more serious) offense, CP may be applied at all age levels.
Stats: In school year 2011/12 there were 488 paddlings at Greenville High (grades 8-12), and 227 at the K-12 Georgiana School.
- Calhoun County Schools (covers Alexandria, Anniston, Jacksonville, Ohatchee, Weaver)
Corporal punishment shall consist of no more than three swats on the buttocks with a paddle free of holes or cracks. The implement must be provided by the Board's maintenance department. Parents are informed after the event.
CP may be used for a second or third minor violation, and for a first through fifth intermediate violation. These are "administrative options", which I take to mean that the student does not get to choose the punishment. Paddling is not indicated for major violations.
The link for White Plains High is to the page of the Spanish teacher, Ms White, who says that she may use CP in her class.
See also this May 2010 news report that 2,246 official paddlings were delivered in Calhoun County schools in the 2008/09, most of them in the system's seven high schools.
- Clarke County Schools (covers Coffeeville, Grove Hill, Jackson) (New URL)
Here, corporal punishment is available for Class I and II offenses (i.e. everything except the most serious). There is a maximum of 3 licks to the buttocks. "Corporal punishment shall not be administered in the visual presence of other students." The Student Discipline Report which must be filled out has a space for "number of licks".
Gillmore Elementary specifies that CP should follow "specific failures of other corrective measures to improve student behavior". The instrument used should be "wisely selected", and the spanking delivered either by, or in the presence of, the principal or assistant principal. CP will be administered "without delay" even if the student maintains innocence.
At Jackson Intermediate School, here is the form on which parents may give permission for students to be spanked.
At Jackson Middle, "any parent or guardian who wishes to prohibit their child from being paddled must come by the main office to sign a form".
Stats: No CP was recorded at Jackson High School during 2011/12. This school subsequently decided to implement corporal punishment and during 2013/14, 109 boys and 19 girls received paddlings on one or more occasion. At Clarke County High School, 2 boys and no girls were spanked in 2011/12. This increased to 13 boys (still no girls) during 2013/14.
- Cleburne County Schools (covers Fruithurst, Heflin, Ranburne) [DOC]
CP features here as a possibility for a second or subsequent Class I offense (the least serious kind), and for a first or subsequent Class II offense. For a subsequent Class II offense it is described as primarily an option for elementary grades. It may also be used for a second school bus violation in lieu of suspension from the bus. It is not mentioned in relation to Class III offenses (arson, assault, etc.). Parents may fill out a form at the time of enrollment asking that CP not be used.
- Coffee County Schools
Students are referred to the office on a third and subsequent tardy to class per semester. On the first such referral, the student has a choice of corporal punishment or one hour of after-school detention.
- Conecuh County Schools (covers Castleberry, Evergreen, Repton)
CP is for Class I, Class II and Class III offenses in all grades, K through 12. Parents are invited to state their preference for or against, but either way must "acknowledge the right of the school ... to use any and all disciplinary measures ... including paddling". The student has to sign this as well as the parent. A "board-issued paddle" is to be used. An attempt is made to telephone parents beforehand. There is a maximum of three licks, and the student must be told how many he or she is about to get.
Stats: During 2013/14, 37 boys and no girls were paddled at the district's Hillcrest High School.
- Coosa County Schools, Rockford
The principal or his/her representative may paddle students in grades K through 12. "No more than three licks shall be administered to the student's buttock." Parents who deny consent for CP must give a phone number where they can be reached to come immediately and pick up the student.
- Covington County Board of Education (covers Andalusia, Florala, Red Level) [DOC]
Click on "Board Policy" and then, in the resulting zip file, on "Board Policies.doc". CP is an "extreme measure" for preserving order, and is defined, with alarming vagueness, as "striking a child with any object including the bare hand". Another certified employee must witness the punishment. No fewer than four copies of the official form must be filled out in every case.
Florala High's handbook states that CP may be used for a first "Class I" (minor) or "Class II" (intermediate) violation; parents wishing to forbid the use of CP must request a conference with the principal each year.
At Red Level, any teacher has the authority and responsibility to correct any student at any time, anywhere on campus. Corporal punishment is generally for class I (minor) offenses. For a first such offense the penalty is 2 periods of in-school suspension or 2 licks. A second offense brings 3 periods of in-school suspension or 3 licks. When CP is administered, parents will be notified by mail. If there are subsequent offenses, CP is apparently not used.
See also the section on misbehavior on the school bus. On a first referral by the driver, "the student is to receive corporal punishment or assignment to the school alternative program".
- Crenshaw County Public Schools (covers Brantley, Highland Home, Luverne)
Corporal punishment is not to be administered in the visual presence of other students, so evidently they might hear the swats but not see them. Nor shall CP be given "in the presence of visitors", which most people would surely take as given. Parents must give prior consent. There is an unusually low maximum of two licks.
A fourth tardy results in either one day of ISS or corporal punishment; it is not clear whether this means the student gets to choose. CP is no longer mentioned for other minor offenses. Intermediate offenses may be punished corporally at the first occasion. CP does not apply to major offenses.
See also this Aug 2015 news item about a new code of conduct.
- Cullman County Schools (covers Baileyton, Bremen, Cullman, Garden City, Hanceville)
CP is available for Class I and Class II offenses, but not for Class III (the most serious). A decision to administer corporal punishment "will be carefully considered".
- Dale County Schools (covers Ariton, Midland City, Newton, Pinckard, Skipperville)
The County High School may apply the paddle for, among other things, a fifth tardy to school or to class, or a second dress code violation.
At South Dale Middle, parents are told the school "does use corporal punishment whenever it is deemed necessary and appropriate". It may be deployed to deal with Class I and Class II violations, but not Class III (the most serious). It is also specifically mentioned for a second dress code violation, and for bus infractions. At the end of the book is a form which parents must sign, stating that they are aware that the school uses spanking/paddling when necessary; it does not give parents the opportunity to opt out.
See also this Feb 2007 news item, in which Dale County's superintendent described CP as an attractive disciplinary tool: students were paddled in the hallway and did not waste their precious class time in the office or on suspension.
- DeKalb County Schools
Due process is required if corporal punishment is used, but the punishment should not be delayed. Students in grades K to 12 who refuse to be paddled will be assigned to alternative school, after-school detention, or suspension. The Board of Education "does not recognize a 'no paddle' list". CP is a possible response to Type I and Type II offenses, but not Type III (the most serious).
See also this Nov 2010 news item.
- Dothan City Schools
Corporal punishment is defined as "paddling or spanking with the hand or other object", and may only follow a written disciplinary referral. In the secondary schools it is available for relatively minor offenses (Class I) when committed for a second or subsequent time; in the elementary schools it may also be used for the first such offense. More serious (Class II and III) crimes, whether on a first or subsequent occasion, also are punishable with CP at elementary level, but not in the secondary schools.
At the P.A.S.S. Academy, a sort of "sin bin", the same rules apply as in either the elementary or secondary schools, depending on the student's age.
Stats: See this Feb 2007 news item, noting that there were 450 paddlings in Dothan City in 2005. This Sep 2016 item notes that the incidence of paddling has recently been falling.
- Elmore County Public Schools (covers Deatsville, Eclectic, Millbrook, Wetumpka)
An administrator or designee may administer CP, rather vaguely defined here as "reasonable use of physical force or physical contact". The student must have been warned previously that CP could result. Unusual due-process requirement: before being spanked, the student not only has the opportunity to state his or her case but may present witnesses in his or her defense.
- Enterprise City Schools
An earlier provision that "The school does not seek permission of parents before disciplining" has been replaced by the opposite: "Parent/guardian must be contacted for approval prior to administering corporal punishment". There are no details of the modus operandi for paddling.
At Dauphin Junior High, students are offered a choice between being spanked (2 licks) and 2 hours' detention for a fourth tardy in a semester, and for a second dress code violation. On the fifth tardy, and also for a first offense of using a cell phone or a third dress code violation, the student may opt for either 3 licks or 3 hours' detention. CP (no number of licks specified) may also be used for disrespect, smoking, sexual harassment, misbehavior on the bus, displays of affection, and obscene literature, among other things; in these cases it is not clear whether the student gets any say in the mode of punishment.
The High School handbook mentions corporal punishment frequently. It "shall be used by an administrator in those cases where the offense does not warrant suspension but should not go uncorrected". It is one of the penalties for skipping class. For a fourth tardy to school or a second dress code violation, students receive 2 licks or two hours' detention. For a fifth tardy or a third dress code violation, this rises to three licks or 3 hours' detention. Paddling may also be administered for, among much else, displays of affection, minor parking/driving offenses, fighting, bullying, loitering in parking lots, profanity, littering, and "general misbehavior". Use of a cell phone brings 2 licks or 2 hours' detention at the first offense. Parents may write a letter to exempt their offspring from CP.
This Aug 2006 news item makes clear that the use of CP for cell phone use was then new, and applies at all the schools in the district.
See also this Aug 2016 news item, which quotes the district Superintendent as saying that paddling is "really pretty effective".
Stats: About 1,600 students received at least one spanking in Enterprise in 2004/05, or 29% of the student population.
- Etowah County Schools (covers Altoona, Attalla, Boaz, Gadsden, Glencoe, Hokes Bluff, Rainbow City, Sardis City, Southside, Walnut Grove)
Paddling is a disciplinary sanction here for Class 1 and Class 2 violations, but not Class 3 or 4 (the most serious). "The student's refusal to accept corporal punishment will be deemed a more serious offense and treated accordingly".
The Policy Manual states that CP "shall consist of no more than three (3) licks administered to the buttocks with a smooth surface paddle free of holes and/or cracks".
Mr Troy Elliott at Sardis High tells his 9th- and 10th-grade English students that, in the event of profanity, harassment, bullying, fighting or insubordination, "the student will be referred to the office with a write up immediately or receive corporal punishment if they so choose".
Stats: According to the Campus Improvement Plan, there were 49 paddlings at Sardis High (grades 7 through 12) in 2012/13.
- Florence City Schools
Paddling is used for grades K through 6 only. It is not to be administered in the visual presence of other students.
See also this June 2009 news item and this Feb 2010 news item. See also this May 2010 report on a change of practice to restrict CP to the elementary level, and to allow parents to opt out.
- Geneva City Schools
At the High School (grades 9 through 12), corporal punishment consists of "paddling with a maximum of three licks to the buttocks".
Disciplinary details for the middle and elementary schools were not on line when last checked.
- Haleyville City Schools [DOC]
"Corporal punishment (1-3 licks)" is a penalty for a first or subsequent minor offense and for a first intermediate offense.
- Houston County Schools (covers Ashford, Columbia, Cottonwood, Newton, Webb, and addresses in Dothan that are not in Dothan City district)
This is Houston in Alabama, not the famous Houston in Texas. The parent may make a written request that the student be exempted from CP. The student must have been warned before that his or her behavior could lead to a paddling. The paddle must be appropriate to the student's size and age.
The document for the Alternative School, which has special rules additional to the district code of conduct, requires the parent and the student to sign that they do or do not agree to corporal punishment.
See also this Feb 2007 news item, reporting that there were 535 paddlings in Houston County in 2005, and describing the paddling process used at Cottonwood High School.
- Jackson County Schools (covers Bridgeport, Bryant, Dutton, Flat Rock, Higdon, Hollywood, Pisgah, Princeton, Section, Stevenson, Woodville)
In this school district CP (no details provided) is available for all three levels of violations. It is also specified as a consequence for a second (but not first or third) instance of misbehavior on the school bus.
At North Sand Mountain (an all-through K-12 school), severe disruption in class will cause "immediate dismissal to the office for corporal punishment". And in this separate document, Coach Kirby sets out his own discipline plan, involving corporal punishment after a warning.
Stats: 850 students received a paddling here in this district during 2004/05.
- Jasper City Schools
Paddling is a possible penalty for a second or subsequent Class I offense and for any Class II offense. Parental approval is not required.
- Jefferson County Schools (covers Adamsville, Bessemer, Brighton, Clay, Dora, Fultondale, Gardendale, Graysville, Hueytown, Irondale, Kimberly, McCalla, Morris, Mount Olive, Pinson, Pleasant Grove, Quinton, Warrior)
Paddling of the student's buttocks may be used as a disciplinary option for a fourth and subsequent Class I (minor) offense. In the elementary grades, it may also be used for a first or second Class II (more serious) offense. Parental approval is not required, but parents' requests to "restrict" the use of CP shall be respected.
The CP report form for teachers to fill out includes a box for "Description of Manner of Administration of Corporal Punishment".
The document for Pinson Valley High is issued in the event of a dress code violation and notes that spanking is a consequence for a fourth or fifth such offense. The student must sign it as well as the parent.
History: See also this Aug 2005 news item about a mass punishment at Mortimer Jordan High School in Morris: 28 boys, offered the choice of CP or suspension for haircut violations, each opted to receive two strokes of the paddle in the principal's office from the baseball coach.
Stats: This Sep 2013 news report says CP was used 90 times in this district in school year 2011/2012.
This SIR report reveals (p.47) that at Pinson Valley High School the paddle was used on 96 occasions in 2015/16, a dramatic increase from just 3 the previous year. At the same time, out-of-school suspensions fell from 465 to 203.
- Lamar County Schools, Vernon [DOC]
Here, 1,095 students were paddled in 2004/05, according to federal figures. It is made explicit that corporal punishment is available in all grades from K through 12. There is a maximum of three licks, and they must be delivered to the student's buttocks with an instrument that is "wisely selected". The witness should be of the same sex as the student.
- Lee County Schools, Opelika
"Corporal punishment shall consist of no more than three (3) licks administered to the
buttocks with a smooth surface paddle free of holes and/or cracks."
At Smiths Station High, a second dress code violation is met with "ISS for one (1) school day and parental contact or Corporal Punishment (x2)", which presumably means two paddle licks.
- Leeds City Schools
Corporal punishment is available for second and subsequent Class I ("minor") and Class II ("intermediate") offenses in all grades, K through 12. Parents may opt out by signing a form every year. Failure to return the form constitutes permission to use CP.
Board policy, set out in the Employee Handbook, requires "an adequate statement of the reasons and supporting evidence" to be given orally, "with an opportunity for the student to respond in the presence of a witness". If the situation warrants it, "corporal punishment may then be administered without delay". This is limited to "three licks administered to the buttocks", and to one paddling per student per day. The witness should be "preferably the same gender as the offender". (Note: "online" in this document is clearly a misprint for "only".)
See also this Sep 2013 news item and this Oct 2013 follow-up.
- Limestone County Schools (covers Ardmore, Athens, Elkmont, Harvest, Lester, Tanner)
Paddling here is particularly mentioned for Class I (the least serious) violations, but the sanctions for Class II and III violations include any sanction in Class I, so CP is, at least theoretically, available for all offenses.
At the back of the handbook is an "opt-out" form on which parents may state that they do not want their son or daughter to be paddled and that they accept that the alternative may be suspension.
- Madison County Schools (covers Gurley, Harvest, Hazel Green, Huntsville (part), Meridianville, New Hope, New Market, Owens Cross Roads, Toney)
CP is restricted to the use of a paddle on the buttocks. It is a possible consequence for Class I or II violations but not Class III. It must not be administered in an occupied classroom. Paddles are to be kept in the office. Parental approval is not required, but due process must be followed. In grades 4 through 12, the staff member delivering the punishment must be of the same sex as the student.
Stats: According to this Sep 2011 news report, there were 307 paddlings in Madison County in 2010/11.
- Marion County Schools (covers Bear Creek, Brilliant, Guin, Hackleburg, Hamilton)
Paddling here is a possible response to Class I violations (the least serious) and for a first offense in Class II, but not for Class III. It is also specified for misbehavior on the school bus.
At Phillips High, CP is to be administered only to the buttocks, using a wooden paddle smoothly sanded, without cracks or holes. No more than three swats are to be given for any one infraction or in any one day. Spanking with the open hand is a permitted alternative.
See also this Oct 2009 news item (with video clip) in which two students and their father speak about getting paddled at Brilliant High School.
- Morgan County Schools -- District policy (covers Danville, Decatur, Eva, Falkville, Joppa, Lacey's Spring, Somerville, Trinity)
According to the board policy, corporal punishment "is administered by paddling the buttocks only". Counseling sessions are advised in addition, but the counselor should not witness the punishment. CP should not be used "if the student has a physical injury which may be further aggravated".
The handbook adds that CP may be applied for a second or subsequent Class I offense (the least serious), in the case of elementary and secondary students alike. For secondary students only, it may also come into play for a first Class II offense.
At Priceville High, "2 Corporal" -- presumably meaning two swats -- is one of the alternative penalties for a fourth through ninth tardy to school or to class.
- Oxford City Schools (New URL)
The pan-district board policy provides for a maximum of "three (3) licks administered to the buttocks", and also says "Care should be taken not to corporally punish the same student more than once in any one (1) day".
The High School handbook says "Corporal punishment is permitted at Oxford High School", and this sentence is underlined for emphasis. In particular, the penalty for a 4th or subsequent dress code violation is out-of-school suspension, for which CP may be substituted "if appropriate".
See also this Oct 2008 news item about a paddling at Oxford Middle School, and this April 2010 report (with video clip) on a mass paddling at Oxford High School of 17 students who wore inappropriate attire to the senior prom.
Stats: During 2011/12, 47 students (36 b, 11 g) at Oxford High School were paddled on one or more occasion, and a remarkable 535 students received one or more assignments to ISS. Two years later the school had substantially increased its use of paddling. During 2013/14, 78 students (61 b, 17 g) received paddlings, and ISS assignments plummeted to only 61.
- Ozark City Schools (New URL)
This school district abolished CP in 1997 and reintroduced it in 2011 (see this Sep 2011 news item and this Nov 2011 follow-up).
Carroll High confirms that CP is used and provides a form for parents to sign requesting exemption. It adds that the parent is "responsible for notifying the school principal, in writing, of any physical condition or health impairment that would render corporal punishment inadvisable for the student. Such notice shall not prohibit the use of corporal punishment unless there is written direction from the Superintendent to the educator who administers corporal punishment that the specific student is not to be corporally punished."
- Pickens County Schools (covers Aliceville, Carrollton, Gordo, Reform)
The district's policy manual is a huge document, but unusual enough to be worth the download time.
It is made explicit that students not only may, but will, be offered a choice of punishment. "Should a student request corporal punishment, rather than an alternate form of punishment, the teacher may administer the corporal punishment under the guidelines of this policy." There is a maximum of "three licks administered to the buttocks" with an instrument that "should be wisely selected. A wooden paddle approximately 24 inches in length, 3 inches wide and ½ inch thick is recommended. Paddles with holes, cracks, splinters, tape or other foreign material shall not be used for corporal punishment". The student is to remove any objects in back pockets and take off outer garments before the punishment begins. A teacher who is "not comfortable administering corporal punishment" may ask another teacher to do it. The witness should preferably be of the same sex as the student. Parents shall be given the right to exempt their children, but "should the parent fail to notify the principal, it shall be understood that the student may be corporally punished".
- Piedmont City School District
Identical wording at both schools. Paddling may be used for Class I, II and III violations (i.e. any offense). A parent who does not want CP to be used must say so in writing and "schedule a meeting with the principal to discuss alternative forms of discipline".
There is also an Elementary School, but its handbook does not give any detail about punishments.
See also this May 2010 news item.
Stats: In the 2009/10 school year, 144 students were officially spanked at Piedmont High (more than half of them for defiance), and rather fewer at the middle and elementary schools.
- Pike County Board of Education (covers Brundidge, Goshen, Troy)
This district has rewritten its code of conduct. CP is still available for Class I offenses on a first referral to the office (disruptive behavior, tardiness, etc.).
Previously, if the student professed innocence, the paddling was postponed until parents had been contacted, but would then go ahead unless they signed a written objection. There is no longer any reference to the student's professing innocence. Written parental objections to CP will now be honored in grades K-2 only. From the third grade onwards, written objections to CP are no longer accepted. Instead, "Parents and students should discuss this discipline option. If a decision is made not to accept corporal punishment, students are expected to advise the administrator that it is their parent's desire not to have corporal punishment used." In such a case, the student is suspended for one day, followed by a parent conference.
As before, there is a maximum of three licks, which must be applied to the buttocks, but there is no longer any reference to "the Board-approved paddle".
Stats: See this Sep 2016 news report, which states that Pike County High School paddled 39.5% of its students in 2013/14.
- Randolph County Schools, Wedowee
Written parental consent must be on file. "Not more than three (3) licks shall be administered to the buttocks using the School Board approved paddle."
- Roanoke City Schools
This is Roanoke, Alabama, not the better-known Roanoke in Virginia.
At the Middle School, there is a maximum of three licks with a paddle, to be preceded by due process (student's right to a hearing). Paddling may be used for minor and intermediate offenses but not major ones. Parents wishing to exempt their offspring from CP must say so in writing each year.
There is also a High School and an Elementary School, but their handbooks do not seem to be on line.
See also this Oct 2010 news item giving some statistics about paddling at the Elementary School.
- Russell County Schools (covers Fort Mitchell, Hurtsboro, Opelika, Phenix City, Seale)
Corporal punishment is a possible consequence for a second class I violation and for any class II violation (defiance, fighting, tobacco). CP is to be given by the principal or designee. "Such punishment shall be administered under conditions that do not hold the student up to ridicule or shame". Before the punishment takes place, the student shall be advised why he/she is being paddled and given an opportunity to explain. The witness should have had no direct involvement with the case. Parents are informed beforehand.
- St Clair County School System (covers Ashville, Moody, Odenville, Ragland, Springville, Steele) (New URL)
Corporal punishment is available for Class I and Class II violations, but is not mentioned for more serious offenses. Parents must be informed in writing after the paddling. There is a maximum of three licks with a smooth paddle free of holes or cracks. "The paddle may only come in physical contact with the student's buttocks."
Stats: At St Clair County High School in Odenville, paddling was in use in 2000/01 but then abandoned. No CP was recorded at the high school during any of the following years surveyed, i.e. 2004/05, 2006/07, 2009/10, 2011/12 or 2013/14. However, at the start of the 2016/17 school year the new principal announced that a few "needed changes" were going to be implemented. According to local sources, one of those changes was the restoration of the paddle for grades 9 through 12 after a long absence.
- Scottsboro City Schools
Under board policy, students at both elementary and secondary level may be paddled for a second or subsequent minor violation of the code of conduct. For more serious (intermediate) offenses, a secondary student may receive CP on the first violation.
At the High School, defiance of authority (including repeated dress code violations) results in 3-5 days' ISS or corporal punishment (no details provided). However, students may NOT be offered a paddling for truancy.
- Selma City Schools
CP is a "possible disciplinary action" for a 3rd, 4th, and 5th Class I offense, and for a 2nd and 3rd Class II or III offense. Refusal to accept CP is itself a Class III offense. The witness should "preferably" be of the same sex as the offender.
- Shelby County School System (covers Chelsea, Columbiana, Montevallo, Pelham)
Written parental consent is required in advance. It no longer seems to be specified, as it was in earlier versions, that there is a maximum of "three spanks per paddling". Also gone is an unusual stipulation is that an employee who is opposed to CP may not be required to act as witness.
See also this Sep 2013 news item reporting 70 paddlings in this district in 2010/11.
- Sylacauga City Schools
Corporal punishment requires prior consent of the parent or guardian.
At the High School (grades 9 through 12), it is no longer laid down that CP is used only when other procedures have failed. There is still a maximum of three licks, but now also a minimum of two licks. Males are paddled by males, and females by females. An unusual provision is that CP is "administered at a pre-determined time and location before each school day".
Stats: 180 boys and 88 girls were paddled at Sylacauga High School in the 2011/12 school year. The figures recorded for 2004/05 and 2006/07 had both been zero.
- Talladega County Schools (covers Alpine, Childersburg, Lincoln, Munford, Sycamore, Talladega)
"Corporal punishment (Paddling)" is provided for minor (class I) and intermediate (class II) offenses both in grades K-6 and in grades 7-12, but not for major offenses. It must be administered in the presence of the principal or assistant principal. Parents may request alternative methods in writing.
- Tallapoosa County Schools (covers Camp Hill, Dadeville, New Site, Notasulga) New!
Corporal punishment is mentioned as a possible "corrective action" for Class I and Class II violations. It "shall consist of no more than three (3) licks administered to the buttocks with a smooth surface paddle free of holes and/or cracks". Parental requests for exemption "must be accompanied by the offering of an alternative disciplinary method by the parent or guardian that is
acceptable to the principal".
- Troy City Schools New!
A wooden paddle is used, with no holes in it. "Swats are to be given on the buttocks area only." There is a maximum of three swats per offense and three swats per student per day. These are to be provided in the office, and "reasonable efforts" are made to ensure that the administrator is of the same sex as the student being disciplined. Parents wishing no CP must fill out a form each year.
- Tuscaloosa County Schools (covers Brookwood, Buhl, Coker, Cottondale, Duncanville, Fosters, Holt, Northport, Tuscaloosa, Vance)
A maximum of three licks may be administered to the student's buttocks. In this latest version it is stipulated that the instrument used is to be "a smooth surface paddle free of holes and/or cracks". The witness should "preferably" be of the same sex as the student. There is no mention of parental consent. The privacy rule is more limited than in many other administrations: CP shall be administered "out of view of any other students", but evidently it is acceptable for other students to hear it. CP is particularly mentioned as a consequence for tobacco use.
- Walker County Schools (covers Carbon Hill, Cordova, Dora, Goodsprings, Oakman, Parrish, Sipsey, Sumiton, and addresses in Jasper that are not part of Jasper City)
CP is available for Class II (intermediate) offenses, and must be delivered in the principal's office. "A maximum of three (3) taps must be administered to the buttocks." ("Taps" is a most unusual word to use.) Where all the administrative staff at a school are male, "a female teacher may be designated to administer corporal punishment to the female student", and vice versa. Parents must state in writing "any extenuating circumstances, physical condition or health impairment that would render corporal punishment inadvisable". CP must not be given for poor grades or other academic issues.
- Washington County Schools [DOC] (covers Chatom, Fruitdale, Leroy, McIntosh, Millry) New!
The district policy document, dated 2008, says "A parent or guardian may make a written request that a student be exempted from corporal punishment and that an alternative punishment be made". Yet according to the 2015/16 student handbook, "Written or verbal request from parents or guardians to have their children exempted from corporal punishment will NOT be accepted".
At all events, CP is available at elementary level for a second or subsequent Class I (minor) offense. At secondary level, CP may be used for a first or second Class I offense. First and second Class II (intermediate) violations may attract CP at any level.
Stats: During 2011/12 at Washington County High School in Chatom, 12 boys and 5 girls received paddlings on at least one occasion. Two years later this figure increased to 30 boys and 12 girls.
- Winston County Schools, Double Springs
CP may be provided in response to Class I or Class II violations. In grades 7 through 12, the specific penalty for a second offense of using a cell phone is "2 days ISS or 2 licks".
- These Alabama public schools or school districts also state that they use corporal punishment, but give few or no details:
Decatur City Schools and see this May 2013 news item
Elba City Schools
Eufaula City Schools New!
Fort Payne City Schools
Hale County Schools (covers Greensboro, Moundville, Newbern)
Lauderdale County Schools (New URL)
Lawrence County School System
Marengo County Schools New!
Muscle Shoals City Schools
- These Alabama schools or districts are also known to use corporal punishment, but did not appear to say so on line when last checked, or are not on line at all:
Chilton County Schools -- see this Sep 2013 news item, which states that there were 374 paddlings in year 2011/12, of which 145 at Thorsby High School.
Escambia County Schools -- see this Nov 2014 news item (with video clip).
ALASKA: private schools
- The Study, Soldotna [DOC]
For disobedience, disrespect or irresponsibility, "swats may be administered with parental consent" at this Christian primary school. Parents who do not want swats to be used must agree to come to the school and take the student away.
ARIZONA: public schools
- Country Gardens Charter School, Laveen
This enrollment application form allows parents to choose the "Out of School Suspension Alternative Option", whereby the parent comes to the school to administer a maximum of two swats to the student in lieu of OSS. A standard paddle is used, applied to the clothed buttocks only.
- Round Valley Unified Schools , Springerville
Corporal punishment is one of the "disciplinary consequences". If a student "withdraws from school to avoid disciplinary action", the consequences "must still be fulfilled" before any re-enrollment.
ARKANSAS: private and charter schools
- Abundant Life School, Sherwood (New URL)
On the application form, parents must sign that they agree that corporal punishment may be used. Parents are notified before the discipline is administered.
- Academics Plus Charter Schools, Maumelle New!
At this group of three schools, including Maumelle Charter High School, CP is listed as an option for a wide range of offenses. It is to be "administered on the buttocks". There is a form on page 63 where parents may decline to approve it.
- Ambassador Baptist Academy, Malvern
"Corporal discipline" (maximum three strokes with a simple flat paddle) may be delivered by an administrator or faculty member, or they may ask the parent to come in and do it. Parents must sign that they agree to all this. Separately, students in grades 7 through 12 must sign that they have read the discipline provisions and agree to abide by the rules and regulations.
- Conway Christian School, Conway
"Detention hall, suspension or corporal punishment" will result from referral to the Principal for "secondary minor offenses" such as being in the hallway without a pass, or chewing gum in the building.
- Cornerstone Christian Academy, Tillar
Stealing, cheating, lying, insubordination and public displays of affection are some of the specific grounds for paddling students in grades 6 to 12. Parents must sign a pledge to accept "the use of corporal correction should the Administration ... deem it advisable".
- Crowley's Ridge Academy, Paragould
At this K through 12 Protestant school, "When a student is admitted, he/she automatically agrees to submit to the privileges, regulations and penalties (including corporal punishment) of the school". Paddling may be administered for a third or fourth offense of chewing gum, inappropriate language or horseplay; a fifth or seventh tardy per semester; a second offense of classroom disruption or cheating; and a first offense of fighting, profanity, drugs, sex, stealing, etc. There is a maximum of three swats.
There is no suggestion that any of these Crowley's Ridge Academy students have been paddled. (Facebook)
- Fayetteville Christian School
"Only the approved instruments may be used to administer corporal punishment. Students are always swatted either on the posterior or on the palm of the hand. The maximum number of swats a student may receive in an incident is five. Male staff do not swat female students." Parental notification is not required.
- Gravette Holiness Bible School, Gravette
Corporal correction here is "firmly carried out". "Our preference is that corporal correction for school offenses would be administered by the child's father at school", but if the spanking is done at home instead, "a note signed by the parents and indicating that discipline was administered should be returned to the principal the next school day. Students who have received a disciplinary notice will not be allowed to return to school without the appropriate signature from their parents." Alternatively, "swats may be administered by the principal after parental notification". In particular, they may be given for a fourth or fifth "scoring violation".
- Harding Academy, Searcy
"There are occasions that occur during the school year that are contrary to our mission. This type of misbehavior may be corrected by corporal punishment." It should preferably be administered in the principal's office. Typical offenses meriting a spanking are listed as disrespect, fighting, lying, and profanity. As at most schools, "Corporal punishment must not be administered in the presence of other students..." but with this interesting proviso: "...except those who are receiving similar punishment at the same time".
- Monticello Christian Academy
At this K-12 school, "Corporal Correction Training" consists of "a reasonable number of firm strokes applied to the buttocks of the student using a flat wooden paddle". Violation of any of the student rules "will automatically result in detention and a trip to the office for Christian counseling and discipline, including corporal correction if it is deemed necessary". A written notice of the spanking is sent home for the parent to sign and return.
- Van Buren Christian Academy New!
"It is understood when enrolling a student in our school that the student may be paddled if deemed necessary by the Principal." The witness is to be of the same sex as the student. Parents are notified before the punishment. If the student or parent refuses to agree to the spanking, the student is dimissed permanently.
- These Arkansas private schools also state that they use corporal punishment, but give few or no details:
Southwest Christian Academy, Little Rock New!
ARKANSAS: public schools
- Ashdown School District New!
"If a parent requests corporal punishment to be substituted for ISS, the administrator may consider the request by the parent based on circumstances and prior infractions." Only an administrator may paddle, and the punishment is to take place "in the office area".
- Augusta Public School District
"Paddling shall be done on the seat of the pants with a wooden paddle." There is a maximum of three licks per day. Refusal to be spanked "will result in other disciplinary action ranging from detention to suspension". This is the High School handbook; the wording for the Elementary School is identical.
- Benton School Board
Corporal punishment must be administered to the "lower posterior". "Parents who prefer suspension rather than corporal punishment may sign a discipline form that is available in the principal's office."
- Blevins Public Schools
"Refusal to take corporal punishment will result in automatic suspension." CP is particularly mentioned as a consequence for a first tobacco offense, and for any Category II offense (minor altercations, gambling, profanity, theft, loitering, and many more).
- Booneville School District (New URL)
See pp.16/17 of this district handbook for general guidelines.
At the High School specifically (see p.116), there is a demerit system. CP, detention or Saturday School are the consequences for five demerits in a 9-week period, and again at ten demerits. The same system is in force at the Junior High (p.90).
Also at both HS and JHS levels, a first offense of truancy incurs (pp.85 and 118) half a day of Saturday School, 5 days' detention or three swats.
See these video clips from a TV documentary in 2008 showing students at Booneville High School choosing a paddling in the principal's office (three licks) in lieu of Saturday school.
Stats: There were 244 paddlings in Booneville schools in school year 2012/13, according to state statistics. Federal estimates for Booneville High School alone show that 37 boys and two girls received spankings in 2013/14, up from 30 and 2 in 2011/12.
- Brookland Public Schools New!
Students who "engage in unacceptable behavior" may receive corporal punishment, which "WILL NOT be performed in a cruel or unusual manner". Students may be given the opportunity to serve ISS instead of receiving a paddling. CP is also specifically mentioned as a penalty for a first or second instance of misbehavior on the bus. Parents who veto CP "will be called to come to school to pick up their child immediately, if he/she becomes a discipline problem".
- Cabot School District
Any teacher or administrator may use CP. If parents forbid their students to be spanked, suspension is the likely alternative.
- Calico Rock School District
Elementary students sent to the office may be paddled. Refusal to accept CP may lead to suspension.
At the high school, parents are to sign a form stating that they either do or do not permit the use of CP. Any student who exceeds five tardies in a semester will receive a paddling and/or ISS. For a second dress code or grooming violation, students may choose between a paddling and an afternoon detention. Students assigned Wednesday afternoon detention, but who fail to show up for it, receive 3 swats or two days' ISS and must still serve the detention the following week. Senior students may be disqualified from going on class trips if they have received ISS and CP on "numerous" occasions. Refusal to be paddled may result in suspension.
- Carlisle Public Schools
At elementary level, corporal punishment is a possible consequence for a Level 3 offense or repeated Level 2 offenses. At the end of the book is a form which parents sign to say they have read and understood the CP policy; it does not invite them to opt out of it.
At the high school there are specific provisions for the use of tobacco: on the first offense, the student is given the choice of "two licks administered by the principal" or two days' detention. Subsequent tobacco offenses mean Saturday School or suspension. Paddling is also a possible consequence for leaving school during the day without signing out, and for being tardy to school any number of times from once upwards. Also, "At the principal's discretion, corporal punishment may be used in lieu of detention, Saturday school or any other severe consequence". Refusal to accept CP may result in suspension. Parents may register their objection to CP on a special form.
- Clarksville School District
At the High school (grades 9 through 12), CP is mentioned particularly in the case of "group two" offenses such as bullying, and for a second "group three" (less serious) offense. Also, paddling has been introduced at the High School for being late: where previously the punishment for this was writing essays, students who accumulate six or more class tardies are now given a choice between a spanking and ISS.
Much the same applies at the Junior High, except that paddling can come in at the first "group three" offense. Here, students who accumulate four tardies may choose to be spanked or to serve five days' noon detention.
Kraus Middle School has similar policies but its handbook goes into less detail.
At Pyron Elementary, paddling is specifically mentioned as an alternative to three days' suspension from the school bus for a second bus offense.
- Cotter Public Schools New!
The "Discipline chart" in this handbook provides for CP for a wide range of offenses, from swearing, kissing, and insubordination to "Refusal to cooperate with ISS rules".
- DeWitt School District
On the 7th assignment to Detention Hall in a 9-week period, a student receives one day of ISS or a paddling. "Refusal to take corporal punishment may result in suspension. In the event a
student decides to go home rather than take the corporal punishment, the days missed will be counted as unexcused absences." CP is particularly mentioned for a second bus offense.
- Drew Central School District
Although in Monticello, these schools are not part of Monticello School District.
At the High School, after three tardies in a nine-week period, a student gets detention, or may choose corporal punishment instead. Students who refuse the paddle may be suspended. Parents may sign a form asking that their student not be paddled.
At the Middle School, there is the same arrangement for exchanging detention hall for a spanking, in this case for the fourth and fifth tardies in a nine-week period. CP is also specifically mentioned here in connection with unsatisfactory conduct in the cafeteria, bullying, fighting, and making threats. There is a maximum of "three licks with a standard paddle". Also, "Refusal to take corporal punishment will result in a three-day suspension from school".
The High School has a lot of photographs on its website. This one taken in the school office was there some years ago, but was removed. Note paddle lying on desk -- much too small for the High School, and in fact all three schools share the same address, so probably this is a shared office.
Stats: The Drew Central schools administered 351 paddlings in 2012/13, according to state statistics.
- East End School District, Bigelow
Common to both schools is that corporal punishment is to be administered by the Superintendent or designated staff members.
The latest version of the elementary handbook no longer spells out that corporal punishment will not be administered without prior parental consent.
At the High School, CP is a possible consequence for a third or subsequent offense of not having a hall pass, and for profanity, public display of affection, and in general any category I offense. It may also be administered when students assigned to morning detention fail to serve it. Parents who do not wish CP to be used must sign that they are prepared to pick the student up, and he or she will be suspended.
- England School District
The "Corporal punishment consent form" (p.128 of the High School handbook) states that the School Board has "specifically approved" CP as a means of discipline. Refusal to take a paddling may result in suspension. Parents may apply in writing to have their student exempted from CP.
- Flippin School District (New URL)
At Flippin High School (grades 9 through 12) the spankings are severe: a first office referral means 60 minutes' detention or "six swats with a paddle"; a second referral, 80 minutes or eight swats; a third, 100 minutes or 10 swats. In an unusual provision, any paddling of more than five swats is spread over two (presumably consecutive) days.
At the Middle School similar rules apply, but with fewer swats for a given office referral. An additional provision is that, if there are extenuating circumstances in connection with misconduct on the school bus, each day's suspension from the bus may be replaced by two swats. Misbehavior while in ISS "will result in swats" or OSS. An initial assignment to OSS for multiple days may be replaced, on parental request, by just one day in OSS plus three paddle swats on each remaining day.
Stats: In 2011/12, there were 70 boys enrolled at the Middle School (grades 6 through 8) and no fewer than 62 of them, or 89%, received a paddling on at least one occasion. Eight girls were also spanked.
- Fordyce School District
Corporal punishment at the High School may be given to any student by any certified employee, in the presence of the principal or his designee. It must be "administered to the lower posterior only". Refusal to be spanked will result in suspension. It is no longer spelled out that students assigned to detention for minor offenses may choose to take a paddling instead.
There is similar language at the Elementary School, where CP is particularly mentioned as a penalty for bullying, vandalism, insubordination, and throwing rocks, among other things.
- Foreman Public Schools New!
At the Junior/Senior High School, "Disciplinary referral" is the specified consequence for numerous Level I offenses and means the student chooses either three days' detention or a paddling with parent approval. For a first offense of arriving after 8.00 a.m. the penalty is one day detention or one lick.
- Forrest City School District
Here, paddlings must be administered to "the lower posterior only", and students who refuse to submit "will be suspended", with no makeup work allowed. However, parents may sign a form requesting exemption from CP.
The grant application gives detail of the Character Education Probationary Program (CEPP) for students committing too many infractions. The parents of students in CEPP who fail to make satisfactory progress must either attend a weekly mandatory parent conference or else authorize corporal punishment for the student.
See also this June 2012 news item (with video clips) about the reintroduction of CP in this district after an earlier abolition.
- Fouke School District
Teachers as well as the principal may administer CP. Parents may request exemption on an annual basis and in that case the student will receive ISS or suspension instead.
- Greene County Tech School District, Paragould
This high-school handbook has an extensive discussion of CP, and specifically mentions it as a possibility for 13 separate offenses, including "overt affection". The student being disciplined must be dressed in "regular school clothes". Student refusal to accept a spanking may result in suspension. "Students shall not receive an excessive amount of corporal punishment during a school year. After it has been determined that corporal punishment is not a deterrent, the student will be placed in I.S.S." Parental request for exemption from CP must be delivered to the principal in person.
Stats: In 2011/12, 29 boys and 2 girls received paddlings here on at least one occasion.
- Gurdon Public Schools [DOC]
"Corporal punishment may be substituted at any level of discipline." Parents must have signed a consent form. A student's first paddling consists of one lick, the second, two licks, and the third (and presumably subsequent) occasion, three licks.
- Hackett School District (covers Hackett, Hartford) [DOC] New!
Administrators may deliver CP; if a teacher does it, it must be in front of an administrator. There is a maximum of three swats. Paddling may be given for any offense. Parents who object to CP must have written notice on file in the principal's office. CP is particularly mentioned for a first or second offense of bullying, and a second offense of obscenity or misbehavior on the bus.
- Hector Public Schools
No concessions to student choice here: "When corporal punishment is an option, the decision will be made by the principal, not the student". It may be used for fighting, destroying school property, skipping class, being disrespectful to a teacher, and speaking profanely, or "other unusual behavior". Refusal to submit to the paddle may result in suspension or other measures. Parental objections to CP must be presented in writing each year "or it will be assumed that the parent accepts corporal punishment as a discipline option for their student". Students may be paddled for misbehavior on the bus as well as in school. This is the High School handbook; the elementary school uses similar language.
- Helena/West Helena School District
With 531 paddlings delivered in school year 2012/13 (state statistics), this district is one of Arkansas's leading exponents of corporal punishment, which may be administered by the Superintendent or any certified staff member. There appears to be no provision for parental consultation or objections.
- Jacksonville North Pulaski School District, Jacksonville
"Corporal Punishment is defined as punishing a student by striking a maximum of three times on the
buttocks with a paddle, which is provided by the school system." It is to be administered by the principal or assistant principal, in a designated private place. The witness may not be a counselor. There is a consent/non-consent form for parents to sign. Refusal to accept CP "will result in suspension".
- Lake Hamilton School District, Pearcy
Paddling is available at all these schools, mostly as an alternative to detention. Only the primary, elementary and intermediate handbooks mention CP separately for each relevant offense.
Parents may file a written request (which they must deliver annually in person) to deny the use of CP, but the student may then be suspended. Student refusal to accept a paddling may also result in suspension. Conversely, at the Middle School it is also stated that "Parents may request corporal punishment".
The student being punished must be dressed in regular school clothes, and the punishment must be applied to the posterior. At the elementary and intermediate schools, the paddle shall be of solid, sanded wood with round edges, and is to be discarded at the first sign of splintering.
Stats: At these at six schools between them, there were 149 official spankings in 2012/2013.
- Lonoke School District
As at some other Arkansas schools, CP here must be administered not merely to the posterior but to the "lower posterior", which (if the administrator's aim with the paddle is really that accurate) is perhaps a good way of ensuring that the student will be reminded of the punishment when he or she sits down later on. A female employee must be present when girls are paddled. Refusal to submit to a paddling may result in suspension.
- Malvern School District
At the High School (grades 9-12), corporal punishment is mentioned in particular for minor misbehavior while in ISS.
The Middle School handbook (grades 7-8) merely spells out the district-wide CP policy (privacy, witnesses, etc.) without mentioning specific offenses that might incur a paddling.
Wilson Intermediate (grades 5-6) lays down "parent conference and corporal punishment or up to 3 days ISS" for repeated violation of classroom rules. CP is also listed as a consequence for a first or second offense of conflict between students, a second offense of cheating, gambling, disruption, truancy or disrespect, a first offense of fighting, profanity, and a fourth or fifth offense of failure to complete assignments.
All three schools stipulate that, if parents want to request exemption from CP, they must personally deliver a written request to the principal. Students concerned will be suspended instead.
Stats: There were 267 paddlings in this district in 2012/13, according to state statistics.
- Mount Vernon-Enola School District
At the elementary school, CP may be used on the third, fourth, fifth or sixth referral to the office for any reason, and the 3rd through 8th referral for "transportation misbehavior". Refusal to submit to a paddling "will result in suspension or possible expulsion".
At the High School, corporal punishment is always "offered as one of two or more alternatives" and "will not be administered if the student chooses not to take it", even if the parent has opted to make him or her eligible for it. Paddling is mentioned in particular as a penalty for failing to sign in and out, assault, forgery, excessive tardies, bullying, misbehavior on the bus, and misuse of technology. It will not be administered more than twice per student per year.
Both schools state that paddling is to be delivered to the posterior only; and there is a form on which parents may opt into or out of CP.
- Mountain View School District (covers Fox, Mountain View, Timbo)
This handbook has separate sections for elementary students (starting p.70), middle-school students (p.79), and high-school students (p.85).
In grades K through 6, the paddle may be used for a second or third Class I infraction and a first through fourth Class II infraction, all as alternatives to varying amounts of suspension. CP is also the penalty for a second bus offense; in this case, "refusal to take corporal punishment will result in 1-day suspension from riding the bus".
Students in the grades 5 through 12 may be spanked for a third Class I infraction, a first or second Class II infraction, and a second offense on the school bus.
Stats: See this Nov 2014 news item (with video clip), according to which there were 195 paddlings in this district in the latest year.
- Norfork School District
At many schools that use CP, swats may be offered as an alternative to after-school detention, e.g., for those students who have jobs or athletics. Here, instead, paddling is the presumed discipline, rather than detention: "In special cases, at the principal's discretion, students will be given after-school detention, a form of punishment in those cases where corporal punishment or out of school suspension may not be appropriate". Nevertheless, "Students who fail to report for after-school detention will be subject to corporal punishment (3 swats) or a short term out of school suspension". Also, "Refusal to take corporal punishment will result in suspension."
Paddling is mentioned in particular as a punishment for failure to submit assignments or possession of laser pointers, and repeated dress code violations; a first offense of truancy, fighting, tobacco, or profanity; a second offense of leaving the classroom during class, bullying, using a copy machine without permission, having a knife with a blade shorter than 3 inches, or use of school telephone; a second or subsequent public display of affection; a third offense of failure to have the student's name displayed on backpacks, or not being prepared for class; a first, second or third offense of horseplay; and a fifth or subsequent tardy (3 swats).
Intriguingly, corporal punishment is also the penalty for inappropriate behavior or dress at graduation. One does wonder how the school is going to enforce this, unless the paddling is to form part of the graduation ceremony.
Parents must sign a form giving permission for their student to receive swats and/or be contacted by phone to give verbal permission.
- Osceola School District
See pages 29 to 51 and page 68. Corporal punishment may be used for a first tobacco offense and, in grades 5 through 12 only, for a first offense of using a laser pointer, computer misuse, profanity, handling contraband, or truancy, a second or third cafeteria or forgery offense, and a third or fourth offense of disobedience, disruption or overt affection. Parents wishing their student not to be paddled must make a written request to that effect annually. Students who refuse a spanking may be suspended.
- Pea Ridge School District
At the High School, corporal punishment is a Category 4 consequence, where Category 1 is "warning by teacher" and Category 6 is expulsion. This puts it on a par with ISS.
See also this Dec 2008 news item.
- Perryville Schools [DOC]
Teachers as well as administrators may paddle. There is a maximum of three licks. Parents wishing exemption must come in annually to sign the no-paddling list. For a fourth tardy, and for a first cellphone offense, the penalty is CP or a day in ISS. Students in detention who fail to follow the detention rules may be paddled. Perpetrators of tobacco violations may not substitute CP for ISS. CP cannot be taken for truancy.
- Pottsville School District
Corporal punishment is "not encouraged", and staff who habitually resort to it "endanger their professional reputation and status". When used, it must be "administered to the lower posterior only" using the supplied paddle, with a maximum of five licks.
At the senior High School (grades 10 through 12), students committing minor rule infractions are offered the choice of a paddling or writing sentences. CP is also mentioned in particular as a consequence for truancy, bullying, dress code violations, and being late for school a fourth time. Refusal to be spanked will result in suspension. Much the same wording is found in the elementary, middle and junior high handbooks.
- Prescott School District
The punishment for a fifth tardy in nine weeks is corporal punishment or 2 days' ISS; for a ninth tardy, CP or 3 days' ISS. In previous versions, CP did not come into play until the sixth tardy. Similar provisions apply to truancy, tobacco, gambling, and profanity. CP is no longer specifically mentioned as a penalty for dress and grooming violations.
- Searcy School District
At the High School, there is a maximum of three licks per paddling. Students who refuse CP will be suspended. Corporal punishment is NOT allowed as an alternative to Detention Hall.
There is identical language at the Junior High and Middle schools.
Stats: Official figures reveal that the paddle was wielded on 385 occasions in this district in 2012/13.
- Sloan-Hendrix School District, Imboden
The personnel handbook states that teachers may use CP to combat classroom disruption, but it must be administered in the principal's presence. "It is recognized that this type of punishment is sometimes very effective, but should not be used so frequently that its effectiveness is lost." The paddle is to be of "standard dimensions".
The handbook for the elementary and middle levels merely gives standard Arkansas language about due process, privacy and witnesses. There is no longer a stated maximum number of licks (previously five).
At the High School, paddling is particularly mentioned as a likely consequence for being late to school, truancy, stealing, cheating, and -- quite unusual, this -- earning a fifth or subsequent detention in a nine-week period.
- South Conway County Schools, Morrilton
Students who refuse CP may be suspended.
At the Junior High School, offenses for which corporal punishment may be applied include smoking, six to eight tardies, forgery, fighting (3 swats), profanity, loitering on the wrong campus or while suspended, assault, sexual harassment, and use of cell phone (2nd offense). Some but not all of these can also incur CP at the senior High School. There is a form for parental opt-out.
Stats: According to Arkansas statistics, in this district the paddle was wielded on 321 occasions in 2012/2013.
See also this Oct 2014 news item about the paddling of a 15-year-old at Morrilton High School.
- South Side School District, Bee Branch
The High School (grades 7-12) handbook includes a form for parents to indicate that they either "accept" or "object to" the use of CP. In the latter case, the alternative may be three days' suspension.
Paddling is particularly mentioned as a penalty for missing 3 homework assignments, truancy, and disruptive behavior, and for a first (2 swats) or second (3 swats) instance of misbehavior on the bus; also for a second offense of sleeping in class, insubordination or disrespect (2 swats), a second offense of profanity (3 swats), and a second, third, fourth or fifth locker violation (2 swats). Class teachers may paddle without reference to the office.
- Spring Hill School District, Hempstead County
There are 56 references to corporal punishment in this handbook. Among other things, it may be the consequence of damage to property or theft; "general misbehavior"; a first offense of gambling, profanity, or tobacco; a second offense of having a cell phone; a first, second or third instance of truancy, gang membership, insubordination or fighting; and a first, second, third or fourth offense of disorderly conduct. In a few of these cases, CP is the only option offered. It is also the alternative to Saturday detention for a third or fourth unexcused tardy.
For spankings in grades 7-12, the witness shall be of the same sex as the student. Refusal to receive a paddling may result in suspension. Near the end of the document is a form on which the parent may stipulate that CP not be used, but in that case out-of-school suspension, with zero grades on work and tests missed, may be imposed.
See also this April 2006 news item about a mother complaining after her 13-year-old son was given a paddling to which she had previously consented.
A High School senior claims on k12niche.com that students violating the rules in the handbook "have the option of being paddled or Saturday school. Athletes are paddled by the coaches and others are paddled by the principal. No one at the school chooses Saturday school."
Stats: 121 paddlings were meted out in this district in 2012/2013.
- Strong-Huttig School District
Paddling is left to the discretion of the administration, and consists of "No more than three (3) licks given by principal or parent/student liaison" in a "semi-private to private area" if parents authorize it when contacted.
- Texarkana Arkansas School District No 7
Corporal punishment is to be used for minor offenses at the elementary level after other "corrective options" have been tried. For more serious matters, CP is an alternative to four days' ISS, at the discretion of the administrator. At middle and high school level, CP is no longer mentioned as one of the specific alternatives for particular offenses, but it explicitly remains available for grades K through 12.
Near the end of the document (page 132) is a form requiring a "yes" or "no" to "Permission to administer corporal punishment". It has to be signed by the student as well as the parent.
Stats: Texarkana schools delivered 181 paddlings in 2012/2013.
- Two Rivers School District, Plainview
See pages 15 to 17. CP is mentioned in particular as a penalty for profanity and pornography. Parents wishing their students not to receive CP must notify the principal in writing each year (there is a form at page 96 for this purpose). Refusal to be paddled may lead to suspension.
Stats: Only two students were corporally punished at the High School in 2011/12. Two years later, the school had evidently decided to place greater emphasis on use of the paddle: during 2013/14, 38 boys and 5 girls were officially spanked on at least one occasion.
- Valley View Public Schools, Jonesboro
In a hierarchy of penalties applied here, where "suspension from extra-curricular activities" is first, and expulsion last, corporal punishment comes in second. It is specifically mentioned for tobacco use, and, at senior high level, for a second offense of cell phone use. "A student who has received corporal punishment twice, or served two days of suspension, or the combination of corporal punishment and one day suspension the second semester will not be exempt from any semester test."
- Van Buren School District
CP is authorized for insubordination, disruptive conduct, refractory conduct and other offenses. There is a maximum of five swats "with a paddle or other instrument". Refusal to take CP will result in suspension.
- White County Central School District, Judsonia
CP is particularly mentioned as a consequence for fighting. On page 4 is a form for approval or disapproval of CP, to be signed by the parent, or, if the student is aged 18 or over, by the student him- or herself.
- Yellville-Summit School District
Corporal punishment may be administered by the Superintendent or designated staff members. There is no mention of parental consent.
A novel provision is that "Adjustments to the disciplinary plan will be made for students who misbehave during the last few weeks of a semester since all options will not be available". This suggests there may be more paddlings at the end of term than at the beginning.
At secondary level, corporal punishment or 3 days' ISS is the consequence for a first offense of truancy -- quite an unusual infraction to single out for special mention as attracting this penalty. For all other offenses, CP features towards the "minor" end of a spectrum of penalties going from "a minimum of a verbal warning to a maximum of expulsion".
- These Arkansas public schools or school districts also state that they use corporal punishment, but give few or no details:
Bryant Public Schools
- See also this March 2011 news item, which says that parents must sign a form before CP can be used.
- Stats: Arkansas state figures reveal that 291 instances of CP were enacted in school year 2012/13 in this district.
Earle School District (see page 45)
East Poinsett County Schools, Lepanto [DOC]
Hot Springs School District
Jonesboro Public Schools (New URL)
Lawrence County School District, Walnut Ridge
Magnet Cove Schools New!
Parkers Chapel School District, El Dorado
Watson Chapel School District, Pine Bluff
- Stats: See this Nov 2014 news item (with video clip) stating that Watson Chapel delivered 1,541 paddlings in 2013/14, making it the top spanking district in Arkansas.
Vilonia School District