Most external links on this page are to documents in PDF format, so this is no longer indicated [PDF] separately for each document.
TENNESSEE: private and charter schools
- Calvary Baptist School, Dayton
Methods of discipline may include the use of corporal punishment, to be administered in the presence of the principal. Parents not wishing CP to be used must inform both the school office and the classroom teacher in a signed and dated written statement.
See also the "Statement of Cooperation", which a parent must sign and, in 7th through 12 grade, the student also. This gives permission for any school staff to administer CP if necessary. "We understand that we will be called and can administer said punishment ourselves, but must come to the school to do so."
- Christ's Legacy Academy, Athens (New URL)
Very detailed provisions here: "Corporal punishment should be administered in the Head of School's office with a wooden paddle [...] The child's clothes will remain in place. Generally, there should be 3 swats on the bottom, while the student's hands are placed on the table in front of them." This form of discipline is for serious or repeated offenses.
- City University Schools, Memphis
This is a group of four public charter schools -- two middle schools and two high schools -- not subject to the ban on CP at ordinary Memphis public schools.
The School of Liberal Arts is a co-educational high school for grades 9 through 12. Scholars not compliant with the Code of Conduct "will be subject to disciplinary action, which will include any punitive action from corporal punishment to suspension". Also: "Once it is concluded that disciplinary action must be undertaken, the execution thereof will be swift, decisive and final."
Paddling is apparently the only available penalty for repeated tardiness: "On the 2nd, 3rd and 4th unexcused tardy in a six-week period, corporal punishment will be administered".
New in 2015, the School of Independence is another high school, with identical CP provisions.
On the Parent Permission Form, parents either give permission for CP or refuse it. In the latter event, "I understand that alternative methods of discipline will be used which may result in the loss of instructional class time or return to home/alternative school".
The two "preparatory schools", one for girls and one for boys, cover grades 6 through 8. "All offenses are subject to corporal punishment at the discretion of school administration."
- Covenant Baptist Academy, Sweetwater
In grades 5 through 12, a fourth dress code violation incurs a paddling AND detention.
- Faith Christian Academy, Jamestown
At this K-12 school, "Paddling or suspension up to three days as prescribed by the discipline committee" may be used to "achieve the proper behavior and attitude of a student".
- Family Christian School, Denmark
"Paddling will be an option for severe offenses such as fighting, disrespect to authority or defiance. It will also be an option for lesser offenses when other methods have been tried and found not to be effective in curtailing repetition of the problem behavior." CP is to be given in the Administration Office, with a maximum of three swats.
- Highland Rim Christian Academy, Tullahoma (Alternative link)
"Anyone caught cheating will be dealt with quickly and firmly. It will result in corporal correction." So will stealing. Corporal discipline may also be used for lack of respect, vandalism, and multiple lesser offenses. In this event there are now two options. Under Option A, the parent "is required to come to the school and to spank the child in the presence of the Principal or Administrator, or a staff member of the same sex as the child". Failure to do this may result in the child's expulsion. If the parent chooses Option B, it is left to the principal to decide to paddle the student, max. three "firm" strokes.
- Memphis Academy of Health Sciences
This unusual and oddly-named institution is a charter middle and high school founded in 2003 by "100 Black Men of Memphis, Inc." and seems to be entirely African-American in its staff and students. The school's discipline policy involves a weekly meeting for each grade level, conducted by the principal, at which students on the disciplinary list for that week receive a paddling in front of the other students. It is fairly remarkable that the school does this, and commendably transparent that it explicitly says so. This process "has had a tremendous impact on students' behavior and understanding of what is and is not acceptable behavior at MAHS".
See also this page about the Honor Code in which corporal punishment is described as "Mr. Wood".
See also this Feb 2009 news item and this March 2009 follow-up (with video clip).
And see this June 2013 news report, which clarifies that boys are paddled across the seat, while girls receive lashes on the hands with a leather strap.
- Memphis Business Academy High School
Another strange name for what is in fact just a school. Ludicrously, it refers to its students as "executives". Corporal punishment, with parental consent, may be administered for any second offense.
- Seymour Community Christian School (New URL)
In grades 1-6, for a fifth offense, "The child will be spanked". In grades 7-12, "All paddling will be done with the approval of the administrator and a staff member will be present".
See also the Application form (New URL), which makes it clear that there is no possibility of parental opt-out from CP.
- These Tennessee private schools also state that they use corporal punishment, but give few or no details:
Cottage Grove School, Cottage Grove
West End Academy, Knoxville
TENNESSEE: public schools
- Anderson County Schools (covers Andersonville, Briceville, Clinton, Heiskell, Lake City, Norris, Oliver Springs, Powell)
Any teacher or principal may use corporal punishment "with prior parent/guardian notification". It is listed as a possible consequence for most offenses on the second or third offense.
- Benton County Schools, Camden
This is the form that teachers must fill out each time CP is used. The student must be asked "Is there any reason you cannot be paddled? Have you been paddled today by someone else?". There is a maximum of three swats.
- Decatur County Schools
In this district, any teacher may use corporal punishment, but it must be witnessed by the principal. It must be "in proportion to the gravity of the offense, the apparent motive and disposition of the offender, and the influence of the offender's example and conduct on others".
The Riverside High handbook (grades 9 through 12) frankly states that CP is "used by the school on a regular basis", which makes a welcome change from the "last resort" rhetoric that some schools rather unconvincingly employ. The purpose of the paddle is that it "eliminates students from missing class in suspension or alternative school. It is an immediate punishment and is a way to return the student to class quickly with very little class time lost." There is a maximum of three licks per paddling. Also, "Corporal punishment will be administered at the student's or parent's request". Conversely, parents may request exemption by filling in the form on page 30, but in that case the alternative will be "in-school suspension, alternative school placement, or out of school expulsion". Such students are asked to "remind the principal that they are on the list not to receive corporal punishment".
Handbooks for the middle and elementary schools do not appear to be available.
- Fayetteville City Schools
This school board's Policy Manual states that CP is a disciplinary option for misbehaviors at levels I, II and III, but not at level IV (the most serious). It does not have to be administered by the principal, but he or she must approve the instrument used. There are rules about witnesses, proportionality and documentation. I can find no reference to parental consultation or approval.
At the elementary school, corporal punishment may be used in extreme cases of misconduct.
The Intermediate handbook simply states that CP may be used in accordance with school board policy.
See also this slightly weird Nov 2005 news item, which if nothing else serves to confirm that a paddle exists in the Intermediate School principal's office.
- Franklin County School District, Winchester
Corporal punishment here may be used for misbehaviors at levels I, II and III, but not level IV (the most serious). It shall be administered by any teacher "in the office area".
See also this May 2014 news report that the school board had decided to retain the paddle.
- Gibson County School District (covers Dyer, Medina, Rutherford, Trenton, Yorkville)
This policy states that CP may be used for lesser offenses (levels I and II) but not the more serious ones (levels III and IV). This separate page of the document provides that a parental conference must be held before the paddling is inflicted.
- Greene County Schools (covers Afton, Chuckey, Greeneville, Mohawk, Mosheim)
Corporal punishment should be used only when less stringent measures have failed. Parental objections to CP are honored.
- Hamilton County Schools (covers Apison, Birchwood, Chattanooga, Harrison, Hixson, Lookout Mountain, Ooltewah, Sale Creek, Signal Mountain, Soddy-Daisy)
CP is for use only after several other methods have been tried. Parents may request a written explanation after the fact, but there is no mention of their being able to object in advance.
See also this April 2008 news item (with video clip) about a paddling at Richard Hardy Elementary School in Chattanooga, and this Oct 2013 news item describing the method used for paddling at Orchard Knob Middle School.
- Haywood County Schools, Brownsville
At the High School, CP is one of only three "disciplinary responses for administrators" in the case of Level I offenses ("minor misbehavior"), the others being Saturday School (4 hours) and 15 days' ISS. Nothing about parental contact. The Middle School uses identical language.
- Hickman County Schools (covers Centerville, Lyles)
In grades K-8 only, corporal punishment is available on parental request. In grades K-4, no student will receive more than 3 licks per day. In grades 5-8, parents may choose paddling instead of detention. In this case, six demerits in a 6-week period brings two licks, and 9 demerits three licks. Oddly, there is no CP for grades 9-12.
- Jackson-Madison County School Board (covers Denmark, Jackson, Pinson)
The principal shall contact the parent before any instance of paddling. It should be used only if "less stringent" measures have failed. There are a lot of bureaucratic rules about documentation. No employee may be compelled to use CP. Parents may indicate annually in writing that CP should not be used.
Liberty Technology Magnet High School (grades 9 through 12) simply states that "corporal punishment/paddling by principal" is available for misbehaviors at Levels I, II and II, i.e. all except the most serious.
North Side High School says essentially the same thing.
- Johnson County Schools, Mountain City
At the High School (grades 9 through 12), paddling is particularly mentioned as a penalty for leaving campus without permission, cutting classes, and horseplay. (The Middle and Elementary schools make no mention of CP.)
See also this Oct 2013 news item.
- Lake County Board of Education
The pan-district Board Policy document says that CP may be applied for misbehaviors at levels I, II and II, but not level IV (the most serious).
However, the High School handbook (grades 9 through 12) mentions paddling only in connection with the least serious offenses, those handled by the classroom teacher rather than by referral to the office. This is the exact opposite of practice at many schools nowadays. "Students refusing corporal punishment will be automatically suspended for up to two days."
Other schools in the district do not specifically mention CP.
- Lebanon Special School District
Here, CP is reserved for "extreme cases". The maximum "number of contacts with the paddle" has been reduced from four to an unusually low two. It must be given with "an appropriate wooden paddle across the buttocks and in no other manner", and is not to be administered in anger. Parents may object in writing. Students may be given a choice between CP and an alternative disciplinary measure.
- McNairy County Schools (covers Adamsville, Bethel Springs, Michie, Ramer, Selmer) New URL
Teachers and principal alike may use CP for minor or major misbehaviors. It is given with a wooden paddle, before a witness, with a maximum of three "licks" on the buttocks. The student may be given a choice between paddling or some other punishment that the teacher or principal deems appropriate. CP is also mentioned as an option for level III (relatively serious) bus violations, but only where the bus driver has filled out the appropriate form, in which case the principal administers the paddling on the bus driver's behalf.
- Macon County Schools (covers Lafayette, Red Boiling Springs, Westmoreland)
Any teacher may use CP. Before the paddle is applied, "the student will be allowed to respond briefly to an arbitrary or contrived application of punishment".
Click to enlarge
Paddling had fallen into disuse over many years at Macon County High School (grades 9 through 12), but in August 2015 a CP permission form was distributed to parents (pictured right), suggesting an intention to revive it.
- Marshall County Schools (covers Chapel Hill, Cornersville, Lewisburg)
Any teacher may deliver a paddling.
At Cornersville, a "set" of tardies is three tardies. For the first set, students receive "3 early morning detentions or 3 corporal punishments". According to local sources this does not mean three paddle swats, it means nine swats spread over three days. The second set of tardies brings four detentions or four "corporal punishments". For the third set (i.e. on the 9th tardy), the penalty is five detentions or, remarkably, five "corporal punishments". CP is also the only stated consequence for a first and second set of demerits, each set consisting of eight demerits.
- Putnam County Schools (covers Algood, Baxter, Cookeville, Monterey)
Any teacher may apply corporal punishment "in a reasonable manner", the instrument to be used requiring approval by the principal. According to a separate "discipline procedures" document, CP is a suggested response for offenses at levels I, II and III but not level IV (the most serious).
At Monterey High (grades 9-12), CP may now be administered for a first or subsequent "major violation" (disruption, forgery, fighting, tobacco, etc.). In previous versions, paddling came into play only at the second such offense.
White Plains Academy (formerly Dry Valley) is a K-12 "sin bin" where "paddling" is one of the possible consequences for failure to obey the strict rules.
See also this May 2007 news item about a paddling at Algood Elementary School.
- Rutherford County Board of Education, Murfreesboro
Principals and Assistant Principals may use CP. There are no details of the modus operandi. Parents must fill in a form every year stating either that they do not give consent for CP, or that they do, in which case they must also say whether or not they want to be contacted beforehand.
- Scott County Schools (covers Huntsville, Oneida, Robbins, Winfield)
Corporal punishment may be administered "against any student" for offenses at Levels I, II and III, i.e. everything except the most serious.
See also this Feb 2015 news item.
- Sumner County Schools, White House (New URL)
CP may be inflicted for misbehaviors at Levels I, II and III, but not Levels III or IV (the most serious).
At White House High, students may -- with parent's permission -- choose a paddling instead of detention, but only once per semester.
Stats: See this Oct 2014 news item stating that 135 students received corporal punishment in Sumner County in 2011/12.
- Tipton County Schools (covers Brighton, Covington, Drummonds, Munford)
In the student handbook for the district as a whole, corporal punishment features at steps 1 and 2 of the discipline procedure. It is also an option at step 1 of the separate bus discipline ladder. Any teacher may paddle, with a witness.
In Brighton High's local handbook, CP is mentioned only in connection with tobacco use.
Official statistics indicate that some 1,580 students were paddled in Tipton County in 2004/05, but it is a large district, so that is only about 14% of the student roll.
- Alvin C. York Institute, Jamestown [DOC]
At this rural mountain high school, corporal punishment must be administered "in the front office" by the Dean of Students or a teacher, and is one of several disciplinary options for Level I or II offenses (but apparently no longer, as in an earlier version, also for Level III offenses).
- These Tennessee public schools or school districts also state that they use corporal punishment, but give few or no details:
Arlington Community Schools (and see this March 2014 news item)
Bledsoe County Schools
Carter County Schools, Elizabethton
Elizabethton City Schools (and see this Oct 2013 news item)
Loudon County Schools (and see this Dec 2007 news item and video clip)
Meigs County Schools, Decatur
Moore County Schools, Lynchburg (New URL)
Perry County Schools (covers Linden, Lobelville) (and see this Sep 2007 news item and video clip)
Robertson County Schools, Springfield
Sevier County Schools
Swain County Schools, Bryson City (and see this Oct 2014 news item)
Unicoi County Schools, Erwin
Union City Schools
Union County Public Schools, Maynardville
Washington County Schools, Jonesborough
White County Schools, Sparta
- These Tennessee public schools or school districts are known to use corporal punishment, but did not appear to say so on line when last checked, or are not on line at all:
Cumberland County Schools -- see this July 2012 news item (with video clip)
Graham County Schools, Robbinsville -- see this Oct 2014 news item
Henry County Schools -- see this Dec 2009 news item (with video clip)
TEXAS: private and charter schools
- Azle Christian School
At this Junior High and High School, the consequence for a first offense in a nine-week period is "Morning detention the next day from 7 a.m. – 8 a.m.". For the second offense it is simply "3 swats". Beyond that, the student is suspended.
- Bracken Christian School, Bulverde
When paddling is required, parents are asked to come to the school to administer it, or they may ask the principal to do the job. In that event, "three swats will be administered". This appears to apply only at the elementary level: there is no mention of CP at the High School.
- Brentwood Christian School (Elementary), Austin
Spanking is administered in the principal's office with a witness, but only when parents have agreed to it, and not for students under age five.
- A.W. Brown-Fellowship Charter School, Dallas
Corporal punishment is an appropriate consequence for all code of conduct violations, but may be administered only by an administrator, with a witness.
- Central Christian Academy, Houston (New URL)
At this K through 12th-grade school, "if paddling is agreed upon [...] the child will be paddled on his/her posterior. It will cause pain, but not bodily injury, aside from redness and irritation". Parents must sign that "I have read the above and agree to support the school in its policy of corporal punishment without reservation and personally pledge my support to this scriptural approach to discipline".
- Cornerstone Academy, Amarillo
At this K-12 Christian school, "Scriptural discipline (paddling)" appears to be the default punishment. After it is applied, a "Corporal Correction Report" is sent to the parents. "A child's training can not be completed without at least the occasional necessity of Scriptural discipline." There is a maximum of three swats with a flat wooden paddle. 18 offenses are listed for which a paddling is the consequence.
- Christian Life Center Academy, Humble (New URL)
Previously here, parents had to sign that they "support the school in its policy of corporal correction without reservation". "Two firm strokes" were administered with a "simple, flat paddle". In this latest version, the parents are called to the school to administer "biblical discipline".
- East Texas Christian School, Longview
CP is used at this K-12 school if parental permission is on file. The office attempts to notify the parent so that parents may, if they wish, come to the office to do the paddling themselves. "Otherwise, one to three swats are given by the principal or assistant principal."
See also this Feb 2007 news item.
- Faith Christian Academy, Vidor
No opt-outs here: "We reserve the right to paddle any student from kindergarten through twelfth grade." Also, "The number of licks is relative to the offense and is at the discretion of the responsible authority. All paddlings are witnessed by another adult." Every parent must give written permission for CP.
- Gateway Christian School, San Antonio
"Students may be paddled for any immoral behavior". "For a third offense of incomplete homework the student will receive either 7 demerits or a paddling." CP is also a consequence for fighting.
Parents must sign a form to say that they accept the corporal punishment policy "without reservation". Students of sixth grade and above "will be paddled by a staff member of the same sex".
- Grace Academy, Georgetown
See page 17. A wooden paddle is used, normally two swats. Every effort is made to contact the parent. Parents who notify their disagreement with CP must supply two emergency contacts besides themselves who can come to the school immediately to take the student home.
- Grace Community School (formerly Grace Academy), Tyler (New URL)
In grades K through 5, "Where a problem persists and there is no behavioral change, a child will be sent to see the assistant principal ... If no progress is made ... the parent will be called to the school to administer a spanking". There is no mention of CP in the high-school section.
- Humble Christian School, Humble
This K-12 school "reserves the right to paddle a student when, in the opinion of the Principal, it is necessary. A signed Corporal Correction authorization is a necessary part of the enrollment process. Parents may be given the opportunity to administer the corporal correction themselves". There is a maximum of three swats. Paddling comes after "probation" but before suspension in order of seriousness.
- Liberty Christian School, Argyle (New URL)
Corporal punishment may be used at Upper, Middle and Lower levels, but not in the kindergarten. Upper School students (grades 9 through 12) committing a third through sixth "Level I" offense will receive detention, CP, or a combination of the two. The same applies for a first "Level II" offense. At the Middle School, CP may be "issued" for any "somewhat serious offense". At the Lower School, "it is possible that corporal punishment will be exercised [sic] when other methods of correction have failed".
- Lifegate Christian School, Seguin
Here, spanking at the elementary and middle schools occurs when it is felt to be appropriate, with parental consent. It is not to exceed three swats. At the middle school level, CP appears to be a money-saving alternative to Saturday School (since for the latter the parents are charged $50). It is not mentioned for the high school.
- Llano Christian Academy
At this K-10 school, "a signed Corporal Correction authorization is a necessary part of the enrollment process. Parents may be given the opportunity to administer the corporal correction themselves." There is a maximum of three strokes. The handbook also states, all in bold caps, that "CORPORAL PUNISHMENT MAY BE APPLIED AT ANY LEVEL OF DISCIPLINE".
- Longview Christian School
This K-12 school reserves the right to corporally punish any student. The parents are contacted beforehand. Paddling is listed as one of the consequences for "major infractions". See also the Corporal Correction Release, which states that "a personal, neutral object" is used for correction. The parents must sign that they support the CP policy "without reservation", or alternatively that they will come to the school to administer a paddling themselves.
See also this Feb 2007 news item, quoting the principal as saying that paddling is an acceptable last-resort punishment for rebellious behavior.
- Lubbock Christian School
"7th-12th Grade Disciplinary Procedures", which parents must sign in order for their student to be enrolled, states that various "undesirable behaviors" will result in 1 to 3 days' suspension "and corporal punishment in addition to the suspension". These offenses include fireworks, disrespect and truancy. "Students and parents will not be able to barter for corporal punishment in lieu of suspension."
- New Hope Christian Academy, Ore City
"Paddling" is the only consequence listed at this K-12 school for cheating, lying, filthy language, fighting, disrespect and defiance.
The "Disciplinary action release" contained in the enrollment pack, where parents must sign that they support the discipline policy without reservation, stipulates a maximum of three firm strokes with a simple flat paddle.
- Odessa Christian School
"If corporal punishment is deemed necessary, the person administering it will use a paddle, an instrument accepted as appropriate for child discipline." Parents can elect whether to be notified prior to their student being spanked, but are not given the opportunity to opt out.
- Plainview Christian Academy, Plainview
"Physical discipline is advocated in the Book of Proverbs" and this school, covering Pre-K through 12th grade, reserves the right to use paddling for boys and girls. Parents are asked to come to the school to carry it out, or they may delegate this task to administrative staff. In 5th and 6th grades, "one swat" (or 2 days campus cleanup duty) is the penalty for accumulating one demerit point, and "two swats" for 2 points. At the High School (grades 7 through 12), 1 demerit point in six weeks brings "two swats or 4 days campus cleanup duty" in addition to one week on cafeteria duty. There is also a "late paper policy", under which students submitting late work receive two swats on the fourth occasion in any one class, and another two swats on every subsequent instance of late work.
- Porter Christian Academy
"Corporal Correction or Suspension is a level 3 form of discipline. Depending on the severity of the student violation, levels 1 and 2 can be skipped and the principal reserves the right to proceed immediately to level 3." Paddling is given by the Principal or Supervisor only. "In this way, parents are assured that sufficient review has been made prior to correction so that consistency is maintained." There is a maximum of three "firm strokes" with "a simple flat paddle". Parents may choose to administer CP themselves, "which is required to be done at Porter Christian Academy within two (2) days of the offense".
- Rhodes School, The, Houston [DOC]
At this charter elementary school, where it appears that all the staff and students are black, only the principal may administer CP. "Swats are administered to a student's buttocks only. At no time will swats be administered to any other area of a student's body." There is a parental opt-in/opt-out form. Parents are notified beforehand. 5% of the students were paddled in 2011/12.
- Rolling Hills Christian Academy, Forth Worth
Parents must fill out a Corporal Correction Release. Parents who "strongly insist that they want to use spanking as a form of discipline" are advised to come to the school and administer the swats themselves when needed.
- Round Rock Christian Academy, Round Rock
At this school for grades K through 12, corporal discipline is never given without parental notification and consent. It is administered for repeated disobedience, "in a way that brings honor to the Lord and guards the dignity of the student". There is a maximum of three swats.
- San Jacinto Christian Academy, Amarillo
"Corporal discipline" will be carried out by a parent or by school personnel; the school has full discretion in the matter. Every parent must sign an authorization for the school to spank. Each spanking is witnessed and documented. In particular, CP is likely to follow three detentions.
- Texas Leadership Charter Academy
This public charter school has four branches, in Midland, San Angelo, Abilene and Arlington. Corporal punishment consists of two swats delivered by a campus administrator, with parental consent in each instance. If parents choose to deny CP, or cannot be contacted, the student is suspended. On the elementary campus, students who fail to show up for detention a second time will be either paddled or suspended.
CP is particularly mentioned as a penalty for cell phone use:
"If, during the school day, a student has a cellular phone on his/her person or if a student's cellular phone is in his/her backpack and emits a vibration or an audible sound, the phone will be confiscated, corporal punishment may be administered, a fine of fifteen dollars ($15.00) will be assessed, and a tally will be issued."
A similar policy applies to the possession of electronic devices.
More generally, suspension is described as "an alternative to corporal punishment", not the other way round, suggesting that paddling is probably the default option here. According to informed sources, the amount of ISS normally substituted for CP was in 2012 increased from up to 2 days to up to 5 days, substantially boosting the incentive for parents to consent to paddling. At right is shown the new High School paddle at the San Angelo school.
- Town East Christian School, San Antonio
"Corporal correction" here consists of "a reasonable number of firm swats" with "a simple, flat wooden paddle". If repentance does not ensue, there may be further discipline. Parents are warned that "If you are not in full agreement with this corporal correction policy, you should withdraw
- Trinity Lutheran School, Klein
Here, "giving swats with a paddle is the only form of corporal punishment". Parental consent is required. "There will always be two adults present and no other pupils".
- Waller Christian Academy
This K-8 school says "In effort to assist your family in raising a child to be obedient to God and those entrusted in his authority, WCA practices the use of corporal punishment as a means of behavioral correction." Parental consent must be given in writing.
- The following Texas private schools also state that they use corporal punishment, but give few or no details:
Calvary Baptist Academy, New Braunfels
Faith Christian Academy, Palmhurst [DOC]
Mainland Preparatory Academy, La Marque (charter school)
San Angelo Christian Academy (and see also this Aug 2010 news item)