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Prison CP - April 1888
The New York times, 8 April 1888
In the Jamaica Prison
An Hour Among the Colored Convicts.
The Treadmill in Operation -- A Novel Whipping Machine -- Curiosities in the Jamaica Institute.
By William Drysdale
The white walls of Newcastle glistened in the morning sun far up the mountain side, but they were beyond our reach. Dr. Carpenter explained to the officers in Mr. Bolton's hotel who were inclined to chaff us that I did not feel well enough to ride up the mountain path, and in one sense that was true enough. [...]
There were any number of other things to see, and we soon determined to visit some of the public institutions. [...] We took to the carriage once more and returned to Kingston. Our next objective point was the penitentiary, in the east end of the city, bordering on the harbor. It is a big enough institution, certainly, to hold all the criminals on the island of Jamaica. Very high walls, with towers at the corners, inclose the 11 acres of ground on which the prison buildings stand. We drove up to a great iron gate, set between solid stone columns, and inquired for Mr. Douglass, the Superintendent. That gentleman soon came out and invited us to enter, and himself conducted us over the establishment. Mr. Douglass is a man of great experience in prison management. In 1883, when the Jamaica Prison was in pretty bad condition, the Government induced him to leave the Woking Prison, in England, and take charge of the Kingston Penitentiary, and he has brought order out of chaos and made the prison a model institution in every respect.
Then he led us across to another part of the yard and showed us into a small brick building, divided into several rooms. In a large inner room was a contrivance that told its own story without any description in words. The basis of it was a little wooden platform 6 inches high, 6 feet long, and 4 feet broad. In the middle of the platform was fastened a large cask, nicely painted. On one side of the cask were two holes through the middle of a board that opened in the centre, so that when a man's feet were put in and the board was closed he could not draw them out. On the other side of the cask were two iron rings, to which the victim's hands were to be fastened.
"That is something that I introduced here," Mr. Douglass said. "They had been in the habit, a long time ago, of fastening refractory prisoners up to the old-fashioned triangle and flogging them. But some former prison physician had given the opinion that the negroes were not strong enough in the chest to stand a severe flogging, and corporal punishment had consequently been abandoned. I felt the need of it in such a place, where we always have some prisoners who cannot be controlled with any punishment except something that gives them physical pain. I knew of a part of the human body that would stand a good flogging without any danger whatever to the chest, and I had this contrivance made. 'Here, John, [to a prisoner standing by] get in here.'"
John put his feet in the holes made for that purpose, bent himself over the cask, and in a jiffy his hands were made fast. A big strap and a cat-o'-nine-tails hanging on the wall left no doubt of the use of the machine. I think that when we went out we left John still fastened over the cask, but I trust he has been released before this.
"It is very seldom now that we have to use it," Mr. Douglass told us. "Just the knowledge that it is here has almost as good an effect as if we kept it constantly going. The men are not fond of too close an acquaintance with either the strap or the cat."
[...] Afterward, in the office, Mr. Douglass told us that the prison has accommodations for 568 convicts, male and female, the women being kept entirely separate. The daily average number of prisoners is about 500 [...]
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